Making healthy lifestyle choices

Because of this, studies suggest spending time outside without wearing sunglasses and allowing for higher exposure of light during the daytime to improve sleep patterns . The use of indoor light enhancement like phototherapy lamps can also improve sleep and cognition in elderly adults . The goal of this section is to explore the relationship between mental well-being and brain health. Mental well-being, for the purpose of this article, is defined as experiences characterized by feeling good, functioning well, and adequately coping with life circumstances and challenges. The lifestyle choices that people make and behaviours they follow in their lifetime can all have an impact on both their current and future health. As your waist line increases so does your risk of serious disease.

If you’re aged years old you may be eligible for a FREE NHS health check. Part of this check involves assessing your individual CVD risk and advising you how to reduce it. If your activity requires you to work even harder, it is called vigorous intensity activity. There is substantial evidence that vigorous activity can bring health benefits over and above that of moderate activity. You can use the NHS weight loss plan which is a free 12-week diet and exercise plan available as an app for your smartphone.

Lifestyle Choices and Brain Health

You can socialise, meet new people, feel valued and pursue your goals in life. All of these things can be incentives to work or study well after a diagnosis of MS. We are working to ensure that children on the Isle of Wight are supported to get the best start in life that will lead to good health and wellbeing. This will provide the foundation to ensure they are able to achieve the best opportunities and keep as healthy and well as possible throughout their lives.

  • Inflammation is the immune system’s first line of defense in dealing with threats.
  • Lastly, sleep disorders such as sleep apnea and insomnia are common with age so it is vital to identify and treat them before they cause permanent disruption in sleep patterns.
  • Stress does that by changing the balance of chemicals, hormones, and immune proteins.

Most deaths from coronary heart disease are caused by a heart attack¹. Light exposure has a large influence on the chemical balance involved in sleep maintenance. Exposure to light is critical to maintaining adequate secretion of melatonin . The systematic secretion of neurochemicals such as melatonin provides a key regulatory process for other brain chemicals to follow in maintaining sleep patterns. Research has shown that older adults often have limited exposure to daylight.

Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet

Large studies have clearly documented the risk fragmented sleep poses to brain health . Older adults who have fragmented sleep vs. those who do not are at an increased risk of cerebral small vessel disease and poor cognitive and emotional functioning . Furthermore, insomnia carries an increased risk factor for stroke and is one of the main contributors to the development of depression . Approaches to treat insomnia include behavioral and lifestyle changes, limiting the need for pharmaceutical treatment to induce and sustain sleep .

Reduce cholesterol

Internationally, alcohol is estimated to result in approximately 3.3 million deaths each year, which arise from over 200 diseases and injury related conditions that are wholly or partly caused by alcohol. Regular exercise will make your heart and blood circulatory system more efficient, lower your cholesterol level, keep your blood pressure at a healthy level and help you control your weight. By analyzing animal studies, scientists were able to determine that exercise facilitates neuroplasticity and improves learning outcomes . Coelho found that physical exercise effectively increases the peripheral levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor , a protein in the brain that promotes growth and maintenance of neurons in the elderly . Furthermore, Baker et al. conducted a randomized trial comparing both high-intensity aerobic exercise and stretching to stretching alone over 6 months . Interestingly, different results were observed in women and men.